Liposuction can be performed in a surgeon’s clinic, an outpatient surgery center or in a hospital. Smaller liposuction procedures are usually performed on an outpatient basis, which tends to be less expensive. Before the procedure, the doctor marks the skin to indicate from which area(s) the fat will be removed. Then, as with most types of surgery, liposuction requires . But the type of anesthesia depends upon how much of the body is being worked on. For small areas, doctors can use local anesthesia (which numbs only the area involved). Usually, the doctor administers a sedative (either orally or via injection) along with the local anesthesia to relax the patient.
Alternately, the doctor may give the patient an epidural, which is given intravenously and blocks sensation to an entire part of the body (for example, from the waist down). General anesthesia may be used in a hospital setting when a large amount of fat is to be removed, but it is not recommended by the American Academy of Dermatology. With most liposuction procedures performed today, the doctor injects a local anesthesia as part of a fluid mixture.
During the surgery, the doctor makes a small incision (or several small incisions) and inserts the cannula into the fat layers of the targeted areas. The cannula moves rapidly back and forth to loosen fat cells, which are suctioned out — typically using a vacuum device attached to the cannula — and placed into a flask. The cannula creates tunnels in the fat layer that need to collapse in order to heal and create the new body shape. For this reason, the patient must wear a compression garmentafter surgery. Because fluid is also lost during the procedure, patients sometimes require intravenous fluids following the surgery.
BENEFITS OF HAVING LIPOSUCTION SURGERY
- Increased self confidence
- Motivation to pursue a healthier lifestyle
- Ability to have wider choice of clothes
- Feel more in proportion
THE PROCEDURE FOR LIPOSUCTION SURGERY
Liposuction or fat removal surgery is performed either under general anesthetic or under local anesthetic with sedation, and is often treated as a day case, meaning you will not have to stay in hospital overnight. The procedure usually takes between one and two hours to complete depending on the area being treated and how much fat is being removed. Your surgeon will make a small incision in the area being treated before inserting a thin plastic tube called a cannula. The other end of this cannula is attached to a powerful vacuum device which removes the fat quickly and efficiently.
Is Liposuction Right For Me?
CHOOSING TO HAVE LIPOSUCTION SURGERY
There are many reasons why people choose to have liposuction surgery:
- Stubborn areas of fat that are resistant to diet and exercise.
- A disproportionate figure – evident in women who are particularly pear-shaped and tend to store fat in the hip area, giving rise to a lack of self confidence and embarrassment
- A ‘kick-start’ into a more controlled eating or exercise regime.
- By removing areas of unwanted fat, this is often all that is needed to motivate and encourage a healthier lifestyle
WHO SHOULD HAVE LIPOSUCTION
The ideal liposuction candidate is at, or slightly below, their target weight, but with discreet resistant deposits of fat that so far have not responded to an appropriate diet and targeted exercise regime. Liposuction must not be thought of as an operation to lose weight, as the weight of the aspirated fat is very small in relation to total body weight. However, by targeting specific well-defined deposits of fat, clothes will fit better, and the figure is more in proportion which may give the appearance of significant weight loss.